The Annie E. Casey Foundation’s 2017 Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity for All Children shows that while Connecticut’s children of color surpass national averages in most measurements of health, economic well-being, education, and family and community, stark disparities remain between Hispanic and African-American children, and their non-Hispanic White counterparts, especially in the areas of education and poverty.
In addition, some children of color in Connecticut fall behind their counterparts nationally. For example, Hispanic students fare slightly worse in Connecticut than nationally in 8th grade math proficiency and High School graduation, and African-American 4th graders have higher rates of reading proficiency nationally than in Connecticut. Overall, while Connecticut is third in the country for non-Hispanic White and Asian children’s overall well-being, it is 12th in the country for African-American Children and 22nd overall for Hispanic Children.
In more positive news, children of Immigrants benefit greatly from Connecticut’s investment in children and their families, and their outcomes exceed those of their counterparts in other states. According to the 2017 Race for Results report, 71% of children of immigrants are enrolled in preschool or kindergarten in Connecticut, compared to 59% nationally. 79% in Connecticut live in low-poverty areas (that is, areas where fewer than 20% of residents are in poverty), and 65% live above 200% of the federal poverty level, compared to national rates of 62% and 47%, respectively. Children of immigrants in Connecticut also have a slightly higher rate of living with two parents (81% versus 80%), and are significantly more likely to live with a householder who holds at least a high school degree (85% versus 70%), than children of immigrants nationally.
Foreign-born young adults in Connecticut are as likely as their U.S. born counterparts here—and more likely than U.S. born young adults nationwide (87% versus 84%)—to either be working or in school.
These results show the correlation between early childhood development and later success. The outcomes are also an affirmation of Connecticut’s policies and services for early childhood education and family economic security. Despite these positive trends, however, Connecticut’s children and youth in immigrant families trail their native-born counterparts in Connecticut in some key areas. 94% of children in U.S. born families in Connecticut live with a household member who has a high school degree, compared to 85% of children in immigrant families, and 71% of children in U.S. born families live above 200% of federal poverty, compared to 65% of children in immigrant families. Similarly, children in U.S. born families are somewhat more likely to live in low poverty areas (83% versus 79%), and while 49% of U.S. born young adults in Connecticut have competed associate’s degrees or higher, only 42% of foreign-born young adults have.
This is the second Race for Results report by the Casey Foundation; the Foundation released the first report in 2014. The report measures children’s progress on the national and state levels on key education, health and economic milestones by racial and ethnic groups. The report’s index uses a composite score of these milestones on a scale of one (lowest) to 1,000 (highest) to make comparisons.
Find more information on child well-being in Connecticut at the KIDS COUNT DataCenter.