Next week, on May 15 from 10:00 AM- 12:00 PM, CAHS will release our Annie E. Casey Kids Count Report, which analyzes how place and race influence how children and families fare, looking at data based upon geographic location and race. In order to do this, CAHS used data samples from five Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAS) in Connecticut.
Keep reading to learn more and register for our Kids Count Special Report event here!
Concentrated poverty puts entire neighborhoods at risk. High-poverty neighborhoods have a higher likelihood of poor health outcomes, higher crime rates, inadequate schools, and limited access to job opportunities. Concentrated poverty negatively affects children regardless of family economic status. In calendar year 2014, a family of two adults and two children fell in the “poverty” category if their annual income fell below $24,008. Using GIS analysis of 2010-2014 American Community Survey census tract-level population data, we measure the percentages of children 19 and under living in tracts where the poverty rate equals or exceeds 30 percent.
Place significantly influences the number of children living in high poverty areas. Only two of the “Five Connecticuts,” the Urban Core and Rural PUMAs, contain census tracts with poverty rates of 30% or more. The majority of census tracts in the Urban Core fall within this scope of high poverty, whereas out of the twenty-five census tracts in the Rural PUMA, only two—both within the Town of Windham’s Borough of Willimantic—contain such poverty levels. Because of this, in the Urban Core, our most racially and ethnically diverse PUMA, majorities of children in all racial and ethnic categories are estimated to live in high poverty census tracts: 60% of Blacks, about 76% of Whites and Hispanics, and 64% of Asians.
The effect of race becomes even more profound when considering groups’ distribution in the Rural PUMA, which is far less racially diverse. Black children here comprise only 1.7% of the overall population under 18, and Hispanic children comprise about 15%. However, 43% of Black children and 31% of Hispanic children, respectively, live in the only two high poverty census tracts in the county. Conversely, White children comprise over 75% of children under the age of 18 in this PUMA, but only 5.8% of them live in these two tracts. Clearly, Black and Hispanic children are disproportionately concentrated in these high-poverty areas. While still disproportionate, Asian children’s distribution is more ‘even,’ than Rural Black and Hispanic children, in that while they comprise at 1% of the Rural population under 18, 5.8% live in these two high poverty tracts.
CAHS used data samples from five PUMAs:
1. Wealthy- New Canaan, Wilton, Weston, Easton and Fairfield
2. Urban Periphery- East Hartford and Manchester
3. Urban Core- Hartford
4. Suburban- Branford, East Haven, North Branford, Guilford, and Madison
5. Rural- Ashford, Brooklyn, Canterbury, Chaplin, Eastford, Hampton, Killingly, Plainfield, Pomfret, Putnam, Scotland, Sterling, Thompson, Woodstock, and Windham.